I have an iOS app that features a screensaver. I'd like to track the users face so that the screensaver automatically disappears when a user looks at the device.

I've set up a test app that uses Vision API, and I started with some code from Ray Wenderlich. I've modified the code so that it prints face/no face depending on if someone is looking on the device or not. However, I've noticed that CPU consumption is really high and the device gets a bit hot after a couple of minutes. Is there any way to turn down the refresh rate of the face detection, or is there any other solution to my problem that uses less power?

Here is my modified code:

import AVFoundation
import UIKit
import Vision

class FaceDetectionViewController: UIViewController {
  var sequenceHandler = VNSequenceRequestHandler()

  let session = AVCaptureSession()
  var previewLayer: AVCaptureVideoPreviewLayer!

  let dataOutputQueue = DispatchQueue(
    label: "video data queue",
    qos: .userInitiated,
    attributes: [],
    autoreleaseFrequency: .workItem)

  override func viewDidLoad() {


// MARK: - Video Processing methods

extension FaceDetectionViewController {
  func configureCaptureSession() {
    // Define the capture device we want to use
    guard let camera = AVCaptureDevice.default(.builtInWideAngleCamera,
                                               for: .video,
                                               position: .front) else {
      fatalError("No front video camera available")

    // Connect the camera to the capture session input
    do {
      let cameraInput = try AVCaptureDeviceInput(device: camera)
    } catch {

    // Create the video data output
    let videoOutput = AVCaptureVideoDataOutput()
    videoOutput.setSampleBufferDelegate(self, queue: dataOutputQueue)
    videoOutput.videoSettings = [kCVPixelBufferPixelFormatTypeKey as String: kCVPixelFormatType_32BGRA]

    // Add the video output to the capture session

    let videoConnection = videoOutput.connection(with: .video)
    videoConnection?.videoOrientation = .portrait


extension FaceDetectionViewController: AVCaptureVideoDataOutputSampleBufferDelegate {
  func captureOutput(_ output: AVCaptureOutput, didOutput sampleBuffer: CMSampleBuffer, from connection: AVCaptureConnection) {
    // 1
    guard let imageBuffer = CMSampleBufferGetImageBuffer(sampleBuffer) else {

    let detectFaceRequest = VNDetectFaceLandmarksRequest(completionHandler: detectedFace)

    do {
      try sequenceHandler.perform(
        on: imageBuffer,
        orientation: .leftMirrored)
    } catch {

extension FaceDetectionViewController {

  func detectedFace(request: VNRequest, error: Error?) {
    // 1
      let results = request.results as? [VNFaceObservation],
      let result = results.first
      else {
        print("** NO FACE")

Is there any way to use Vision API in a more power efficient way? I don't need fast refresh rates. One detection is 5 seconds is enough.

0 Answers