I am attempting to use the Gamma function from tfp in a custom Keras loss function using the log_prob method, but the function always returns nan when training starts.

I have tested the loss function and seems to work fine:

import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_probability as tfp


def gamma_loss(y_true, alpha, beta):
    gamma_distr = tfp.distributions.Gamma(concentration=alpha, rate=beta)
    log_lik_gamma = gamma_distr.log_prob(y_true)
    return -tf.reduce_mean(log_lik_gamma)

gamma_loss(100, 2, 2).numpy()
# 194.00854

The problem may be related to the parameters (alpha and beta) that I am passing to the function and that are produced by the final (custom) layer of the model I am using. This is the full snippet:

import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.keras import backend as K
from tensorflow.keras.layers import Input, Dense, Layer, Concatenate
from tensorflow.keras.models import Model
from tensorflow.keras.initializers import glorot_normal
import tensorflow_probability as tfp
from sklearn.datasets import make_regression

class GammaLayer(Layer):
    def __init__(self, output_dim, **kwargs):
        self.output_dim = output_dim
        super(GammaLayer, self).__init__(**kwargs)

    def build(self, input_shape):
        n_weight_rows = 4

        self.kernel_2 = self.add_weight(name='kernel_2',
                                        shape=(n_weight_rows, self.output_dim),
        self.kernel_3 = self.add_weight(name='kernel_3',
                                        shape=(n_weight_rows, self.output_dim),

        self.bias_2 = self.add_weight(name='bias_2',
        self.bias_3 = self.add_weight(name='bias_3',
        super(GammaLayer, self).build(input_shape)

    def call(self, x):
        # Here i use softplus to make the parameters strictly positive
        alpha = tf.math.softplus(K.dot(x, self.kernel_2) + self.bias_2)
        beta = tf.math.softplus(K.dot(x, self.kernel_3) + self.bias_3)
        return [alpha, beta]

    def compute_output_shape(self, input_shape):
        The assumption is that the output is always one-dimensional
        return [(input_shape[0], self.output_dim), (input_shape[0], self.output_dim)]

def gamma_loss(y_true, y_pred):
    alpha, beta = y_pred[0], y_pred[1]
    gamma_distr = tfp.distributions.Gamma(concentration=alpha, rate=beta)
    return -tf.reduce_mean(gamma_distr.log_prob(y_true))

X, y = make_regression(n_samples=1000, n_features=3, noise=0.1)

inputs = Input(shape=(3,))
x = Dense(6, activation='relu')(inputs)
x = Dense(4, activation='relu')(x)
x = GammaLayer(1, name='main_output')(x)
output_params = Concatenate(1, name="pvec")(x)

model = Model(inputs, output_params)
model.compile(loss=gamma_loss, optimizer='adam')
model.fit(X, y, epochs=30, batch_size=10) ```

1 Answers

Brian Patton On Best Solutions

Can you try adding an additional 1e-6 or so outside the softplus? For very negative values, softplus becomes quite close to zero.