I'm writing some end-to-end tests for my application using Cucumber and Selenium. I'm keeping every scenario totally independent of one another, as advised on the Cucumber website. However, my application has session based authentication, so every time a new scenario is run, it will required a login process in order to first access the site. Right now my approach is to put the login scenario as a background scenario for all other scenarios, like so:
Background: User is Logged In Given I am on the login screen When I enter my login details And I click submit Then I should be logged in
However, this feels like a lot of duplicated 'code'. Moreover, having each scenario run independently requires a new WebDriver instance being created and a browser being run for each scenario, which feels a bit inefficient?
Can anyone advise firstly on how I can avoid duplicating the background scenario in every other scenario (if possible) and secondly if having a separate WebDriver instance for each scenario is the correct approach?