I reinstalled Android Studio and it upgrade NDK and CMake to the lastest ones. After that I got this error:

Error while executing process /home/wxh/Android/Sdk/cmake/3.6.4111459/bin/cmake with arguments {--build /home/wxh/AndroidStudioProjects/Measure_It/app/.externalNativeBuild/cmake/debug/armeabi-v7a --target removebackground}
[1/2] Building CXX object CMakeFiles/removebackground.dir/src/main/cpp/removebackground.cpp.o
[2/2] Linking CXX shared library 

error: undefined reference to 'cv::imwrite(cv::String const&, cv::_InputArray const&, std::__ndk1::vector<int, std::__ndk1::allocator<int> > const&)'
clang++: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)

The code compiles fine before so there is no typo in that. To double check:

  1. imgproc.hpp was included.
  2. CMakeList.txt has include path and library path:

    add_library( lib_opencv SHARED IMPORTED )
    set_target_properties(lib_opencv PROPERTIES IMPORTED_LOCATION /home/wxh/Android/opencv_sdk/native/libs/${ANDROID_ABI}/libopencv_java3.so)
  3. app build.gradle has

        DefaultConfig{externalNativeBuild {
        cmake { cppFlags "-frtti -fexceptions -std=c++11 "
            arguments '-DANDROID_STL=c++_shared'
            abiFilters 'armeabi-v7a'}}}
        externalNativeBuild { cmake { path "CMakeLists.txt"} }
  4. It has nothing to do with opencv becuase it hasn't been altered.

What else could be wrong???

1 Answers

Alex Cohn On Best Solutions

OpenCV 3 was using gunstl which is no longer supported in NDK. The new releases of NDK have only c++_static and c++_shared STL. You can rebuild OpenCV 3.x from sources with a new release of NDK and choose one of supported STL options, or you can use OpenCV 4.x which comes prebuilt with c++_static.

It may be easier to fix your code to cover the API differences between 3.x and 4.x than to rebuild OpenCV from sources.